Leading earth scientist Johan Rockström , director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre, has called the COP21 agreement as “a turning point”
Reflecting on the outcome of the December negotiations in Paris, the Swedish scientist said that “This sends the signal to the global economy that decarbonisation starts today. The Global Carbon Project’s carbon budget published during the conference gives the first sign that this is underway.”
On the eve of the conference its partner organisation the Global Carbon Project published its calculation of the global carbon budget showing that carbon emissions grew just 0.6% in 2014 and are predicted to fall slightly in 2015 (-0.6%) – the first time emissions have stalled during a period of global economic growth. But the scientists warn this hiatus may not last long as India and elsewhere industrialise rapidly.
Rockström belives the penny has dropped for many, particularly since the last climate summit in Copenhagen in 2009.
“We are starting to see that sustainable solutions not only exist but they are also adaptable and deliverable on various levels in society as a whole.”
For any change of limiting the temperature increase 1.5 °C Rockström argues that the richest nations such as the EU, US, Australia and other OECD countries must lead the way to zero fossil fuel use by 2030.
The COP21 agreement is in line with the Earth Statement, published by network of leading institutions led by Johan Rockström presented before the world meeting.
The statement was a scientific assessment of the key elements required for a climate agreement to meet the goal of reducing the risk of crossing the 2°C threshold. The Paris agreement reflects most of the elements within the Earth Statement.