Many of today’s most important construction trends revolve around new technologies that improve and enhance the building design and construction process. Here are some of the key developments which are on the horizon today:
Smart buildings These buildings use automated processes to control building operations such as air conditioning, heating, ventilation, lighting, security and other home systems.
In the commercial real estate industry as it allows business owners and facility managers to optimize their use of space, reduce energy usage, and minimize environmental impacts.
Building Information Modeling, or BIM, is a 3D model-based process for creating and managing project information. Though this technology may be most associated with the design process, 3D BIM modeling can be used before, during, and after construction. This technology can benefit construction professionals by helping them create better plans, produce faster results, and stay within budget.
Energy-saving building design and construction is a powerful way to help businesses save energy and cut costs while reducing their impact on the environment. It requires a whole-building design approach where the construction team designs and builds all the elements so that they work together. This innovative approach can produce buildings that are up to 70 % more efficient than the average commercial building.
The integration of mobile technology on construction job sites has helped project teams streamline the entire construction process. Recording job site data on a mobile device increases efficiency and reduces costs while allowing field offices and remote team members to gain complete visibility into job-site data. Mobile devices also help improve communication between contractors, owners, architects and the construction team.
Prefabrication has been used for years in the construction industry, new technologies and construction practices that make prefabrication even more beneficial are emerging. Building information modeling is changing the way that teams collaborate on projects, enabling these teams to use prefabrication more often on larger and more complex projects. Using energy simulation and prefabrication, project teams can design and construct buildings that are more environmentally friendly.
Cost and schedule modeling with 5D MACRO-BIM: 5D BIM links the 3D CAD components of standard building information modeling with cost-related information and time constraints. This type of modeling can be a game-changer for the construction industry as it gives everyone involved in the building project, including the client, a more accurate understanding of conceptual design as it applies to both the project’s budget and schedule. Using 5D Macro-BIM for cost and schedule modeling allows the project team to create a clear and precise project scope while reducing or eliminating costly design changes later in the construction process.
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is an aircraft that can be piloted through a remote device or onboard computer. These vehicles can be automated using predetermined flight paths, or they can be controlled manually using a mobile device or remote control. UAVs or aerial drones can help construction professionals conduct site surveys or track project progress in real-time by generating aerial photos, maps, and 3D images. This technology is also helpful for ensuring worksite safety and improving productivity.