Located in central Norway, Mjøstårnet is a 280-foot-tall timber-framed structure that is pushing the limits of architecture and setting a path for the sustainable cities of tomorrow
The new high-rise edifice built almost entirely of wood—call it a “plyscraper”—has opened its doors. The Mjøstårnet building, which includes a hotel, restaurants, offices, and apartments, stands at 280 feet (18 stories), making it the tallest timber-frame structure in the world.
Mjøstårnet was built using local renewable resources, and since wood stores CO2 throughout its life cycle, no further emissions are released.
Owned by AB Invest and designed by Voll Arkitekter of Trondheim, the nearly 122,000-square-foot edifice is located in Brumunddal, a small city in central Norway, and near the country’s largest lake (an area known for its robust timber industry). To construct the tower, builders used glulam and laminated timber beams; both are strong enough to replace carbon-intensive concrete and steel, and require less energy to produce.
Wood buildings do present certain challenges, of course, the biggest being fire safety, and, because the materials are light, they shift more easily under extreme exterior forces. To overcome the latter, large-scale columns and trusses were used; many were left exposed, making them “a vital part of the interior design,” says Øystein Elgsaas, a partner at Voll. The building is also designed to withstand a complete burnout; tests show it will not collapse.
“What excites me the most is that all horizontal and vertical loads on the building are being handled by wooden structures,” says Rune Abrahamsen, chief executive officer of Moelven Limtre, a subsidiary of Moelven that supplied materials for the project.
Abrahamsen expects that the global construction industry will see a notable increase in wood framing for tall buildings; hybrid wood, concrete, and steel solutions would be beneficial, too, he indicates. Abrahamsen believes there’s likely to be timber construction that breaks the 300-foot barrier within five years, and, in fact, a 1,148-foot, 70-floor wood-framed tower has already been proposed in Tokyo.
“The most important aspect of this building,” says Elgsaas, “is to show that it is possible to build large, complex timber buildings, and in that fashion, inspire others to do the same.”